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《梦溪笔谈》导读(双语)
主讲教师 钱斌/合肥工业大学
学习人数 2637
开课周期 2017年04月16日 ~
教学进度
预报名
进行中
已结课
课程期次 进行至第 236 周
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  • 常见问题

本课程向观众介绍北宋著名学者沈括,和他具有世界影响的著作《梦溪笔谈》。


在国际上,研究《梦溪笔谈》及其作者沈括被称为“梦学”,它横跨社会科学和自然科学诸多学科领域,是一门综合性的学科。本课程探索采用慕课的方式,通过丰富的案例、通俗的形式和生动的语言,向观众展示近年来“梦学”研究所取得的一些重要的,特别是自然科学方面的成果。同时,着眼于沈括的人生经历和北宋的社会现实,以及古代中国的学术传统,探讨“创新型”人才的成长规律,专制主义时代学者的生存状态,古代中国科技发展的成就与不足等问题。旨在通过主讲人的讲授,在介绍学科、传授知识的同时,提高观众的科学和人文素养。


本课程探索使用双语教学。


课程概述
课程大纲
  • Introduction of Brush Talks from Dream Brook and His Author Shen Kuo(梦溪著述)(姜敏讲述)
    • Who is Shen Kuo?(沈括是怎样一个人?)
    • What motivated Shen Kuo to turn to writing?(沈括为什么要著述《笔谈》?)
    • What are the characteristics of Brush Talks from Dream Brook?(《梦溪笔谈》的特点是什么?)
  • Shen Kuo and His Interest Towards Common People(草根情节)
    • What authorial principles did Shen employ in his writing(《梦溪笔谈》有着怎样的著述原则?)
    • Why did he set up those guiding principles (沈括为什么要确定《梦溪笔谈》的著述原则)
    • Why do we say that his consideration for common people established the book (为什么说关注草根成就了《梦溪笔谈》?)
    • 故事二
  • Methods of Cunzhong(存中之法)
    • Who invented typography (moveable type printing)?(是谁发明了活字印刷术?)
    • Will the Yanzhou Stone Liquid really become popular?(真的会“大行于世”吗?)
    • How did Shen Kuo count the wine jars?(沈括是怎么数酒坛的?)
  • Pieces of Jade from the Mountain Kun(昆山片玉)
    • How did Yandang Mountain come into formation?(雁荡山是怎么形成的?)
    • How did Shen Kuo measure BianShui River?(沈括是怎么测量汴渠的?)
    • How did Shen Kuo conclude and improve the technology of the compass?(沈括是怎么总结和发展指南针技术的?)
    • What is the limitation of chinese traditional scientific thought?(中国传统的科学思维有什么局限性?)
  • Economic ethics(理财之法)
    • What was salt-iron conference about?(盐铁会议是怎么回事?)
    • How did Shen Kuo reform the salt policies?(沈括是怎么改革盐政的?)
    • What technological materials about the salt policies were recorded in Brush Talks?《笔谈》记载了哪些关于盐政的科技
  • On Poetry and Painting(品诗论画)
    • How did Shenkuo appreciate Chinese poetry?(沈括是怎么品诗的?)
    • How did Shen identify the portrait of Han Yu What painting theories did Shen Kuo put forward?
    • What painting theories did Shen Kuo put forward? (沈括是怎么辨别韩愈像的?)
  • Yongle Battle(永乐之战)
    • How did Emperor Shenzong launch a war against the state of Xia(神宗是怎么发动对西夏的战争的?)
    • What were the attainments achieved by Shen Kuo in the war(沈括取得了怎样的战功?)
    • What were the reasons of the defeat of Northern Song Dynasty in Yongle Battle(为什么会永乐兵败?)
    • What were the following consequences of the defeat of Northern Song Dynasty in Yongle battle?永乐兵败带来了
  • Disputes on the Alteration of Calendar(改历之争)
    • Why did Emperor Shenzong decide to compile a new calendar(神宗为什么要修订新历法?)
    • How did Shen Kuo finish the “Project for the Alteration of Calendar”?(沈括是怎么完成“改历工程”的?)
    • Why did the new calendar fail to make accurate forecasting(新历为什么会测天不准?)
    • What is the “Calendar Based on Twelve Solar Terms”(“十二气历”是怎么回事?)
  • The Mysterious Case of Wutai Poetry(乌台疑云)
    • The Whole Story of the Case of Wutai Poetry(乌台诗案始末 )
    • The Initiator of the Case of Wutai Poetry (乌台诗案的“始作俑者”)
    • The Good Medicinal Formulas by Shen and Su《苏沈良方》
  • The Secret to Success(成就之谜)
    • What is Gouwen? (钩吻是一种什么样的植物?)
    • Shen Kuo’s Experimental and Innovative Spirits (沈括的实验精神和创新精神)
    • The Cultural Environment of the Song Dynasty (宋朝的文化环境 )
  • 屯溪路校区学生考试试卷
  • 翡翠湖校区梦溪笔谈2017考试
授课目标
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授课教师
合肥工业大学
合肥工业大学
合肥工业大学
合肥工业大学
合肥工业大学
合肥工业大学
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